How to Display Mixing Bowls & Bath Utensils as Decor

The kitchen is the heart of your home and sometimes you’ve just got to wear your heart on your sleeve. Mixing bowls are the birthplace of birthday cakes, bake sale cupcakes along with your special vacation stuffing, and most cooks have favored utensils that they treasure like a extension of their hand. Whether you’re a busy cook or a motivated grandfather, taking your mixing bowls and utensils from the cabinet and displaying them allows them to be as appealing as they are helpful.

Useable Decor

Mixing bowls and utensils which are still in use do not need to be hidden away, but you also don’t want to get rid of a silk flower arrangement from the main bowl each time you would like to make a cake. Arrange pretty mixing bowls together open shelves, or supporting glass-doored cabinets. Mix and match solid and patterned bowls in a china cabinet or along the back of a buffet. Arrange wooden spoons and shiny serving spoons, ladles and whisks in a crock, jug or small metal bucket to get a homey look that keeps your tools close at hand.

Decorative Ideas

Sometimes even the most treasured of kitchen equipment outlives its ability to be helpful. Turn mixing bowls you will no longer use upside down on a shelf and place potted plants on top of them. Hang utensils like old-fashioned egg-beaters or ladles from hooks or pegs on the wall.

Functional Ideas

Just as your mixing bowls and utensils maynot be used in the kitchen doesn’t mean that they can not be used at all. Put a pretty mixing bowl on the hallway table to collect email. Decide on a small, complementary one alongside it for keys and an even smaller one for spare change. Wooden spoons are fantastic for propping open a double-hung window which tends to slip, and look cute while doing so. They also work nicely as dowels from which to show antique aprons or linen dish towels. Mixing bowls offer attractive storage for cookie cutters or other small kitchen things as well as hair toys and manicure provides in a bedroom or bath.


All heavy glass or crockery mixing bowl which are on high shelves must be secured if you reside in a place prone to earthquakes. Several big dollops of museum wax will hold them tightly without damaging either the cups or the shelf they are sitting on. Don’t hang sharp liquids of any sort.

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The way to Use a Curtain Rod as a Quilt Hanger

Quilts are works of art and it’s a pity to leave them folded in a cupboard where no one could see them. Hang your favourite quilt to the wall and create instant artwork for your home. Quilts may also be hung behind a bed instead of a headboard. Frames, permanent mounting or tacks that could damage the quilt aren’t crucial to hang a quilt on the wall. A fast modification to the back of the quilt allows you to hang your textile in a curtain pole. Utilize a rod with decorative finials for a showy display, or a go with a more subtle style if you would like the quilt to take center stage.

Assess the width of the quilt with the tape.

Cut a piece of muslin 8 inches wide and provided that the width of the quilt minus 1 inch, with scissors.

Hem the shorter sides of the muslin by turning the ends under 1/2 inch to the incorrect side of the fabric. Stitch the hem with running stitches with a needle and thread.

Put the muslin to a table with the ideal side down. Pull the underside, long border to the top in order that the muslin is folded in half an hour and you’ve established a pocket. Pin the long edges together. Iron that the muslin so there is a pressed fold along the other long edge.

Put the trapped edges of the muslin pocket to the top, back portion of the hammer and pin them in place. Hand stitch the edges of the muslin through the entire depth of the quilt. With the pocket apartment, then hand stitch the underside, creased border to the quilt. Both edges of the pocket have to be stitched to the quilt or the pocket will lift and be observable when the rod is inserted.

Pencil the positions of the curtain pole brackets on the wall with the width measurement of the quilt for a guide. The brackets will be attached marginally wider than the width of the quilt.

Slide a stud finder over the wall to find the studs. Screwing the brackets into studs is the perfect situation, but that might not be possible with both brackets. If you can’t screw into studs, use drywall anchor screws for a safe installation. If you just drill the screws into the drywall and never to your stud, the weight of the quilt on the screws will pull the bracket off of the wall.

Slide the curtain pole into the pocket. Hang the curtain pole on the brackets.

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How to Tone Down Taupe Walls Using a Pinkish Hue

Taupe’s pinkish undertone is offset by juxtaposing walls, flooring or furniture at taupe with accents in a complementary color which falls contrary of pink about the color wheel. Near complements, too, provide maximum contrast to tone down the pink in taupe. Taupe includes a pronounced, pink undertone in medium shades, which can be deemphasized at tone-on-tone decor. By using the complete assortment of taupe hues, subsequently adding warm accent color from the family of red hues, pink undertones are subordinated. Creamy or earthen orange hues override pink at the same method.

Taupe With Complementary Greens

Green is taupe’s color wheel contrary, so 1 choice for downplaying the pink tone entails juxtaposing taupe walls with drapery in warm olive or spring green. Maintaining the green accent shade constant whilst adding lighter and lighter shades of taupe helps establish unity. In a ocean of taupe tones, glare in bright green eventually become the focus, instead of the subtle, pink undertone in taupe. Accents in mint green or aqua are equally powerful, as are teal accents, especially with lighter shades of taupe.

Taupe With Near Complementary Blues

Blues tame the pink in taupe, particularly blues with a green undertone, such as peacock blue, turquoise or indigo. Robin’s egg blue functions, particularly when used as an accent color with darker shades of taupe. An intriguing way to overpower the pink entails utilizing tones of mustard yellow or warm green gray, then adding accents in slate. Blue-grays with green undertones harmonize with taupe and greenish grays, toning down the pink, especially when touches of bright peacock blue are included.

Taupe With Warm Red Accents

Taupe has an undertone on the cooler side of red, but because warm red is at the same hue family as taupe, warm reds coordinate. Ranging from alabaster to tones as dark as charcoal, a tone-on-tone room with taupe hues is decorated by touches of Tuscan red, a medium, earthen red. On lampshades, pillows and carpets, Tuscan red overrides taupe’s pink undertone. Furniture and fixtures in espresso have a red undertone that teeming with taupe, however, the dark end overrides the pink at taupe.

Taupe With Orange Tones

Creamy oranges, such as buff, provide a counterbalance for pinkish taupe, as do dark, earthen oranges, such as terra-cotta or burnt sienna. The orange undertone in hardwood floors glows in a room with walls in dark taupe, and rolled blinds with matching pendant lights at natural buff decrease the trendy pink in taupe by adding to this assortment of warm, orange tones. In a room with a darker color scheme, pinkish-taupe walls are overpowered by lampshades, carpets, cushions and pottery in dark, warm terra cotta.

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Easy Instructions on How to Apply Fabric to Wood Furniture

Adhering fabric to wood furniture is only another kind of decoupage, however, rather than using paper, you use fabric. Drawer fronts, panels on cabinet doors along with the vertical spaces between shelves at a bookcase are spaces ripe for a decorative fabric upgrade. Pair patterned fabrics with fresh paint colors for an entire furniture update.

Selecting and Preparing the perfect Surface

Decoupaging fabric onto wood furniture demands a smooth wood surface. Skip wood with a great deal of splinters or chips or exposed screws and nails, as these flaws will likely probably be noticeable under the fabric. If necessary, fill in chips or holes with wood putty; then sand the wood smooth and wipe the dust away. Ideal decoupage surfaces include an inset section such as a cabinet door with decorative trim around its perimeter, which will hide the exposed edges of the material.

Fiddling With Fabric

Pick a fabric that matches nicely with the furniture, such as an ombre or chevron print in colors of blue against a cobalt blue chest of drawers. Cover the job surface with the fabric, marking the edges of the fabric in which you wish to cut it with a bit of chalk or with inconspicuous pencil dots every couple of inches. Trim the fabric beyond the chalk dots or lines to account for minor mistakes. If cutting numerous pieces of fabric to use on several areas on the job piece, write down the locations of every piece of fabric onto a bit of masking tape or use sticky notes, then adhering the information to its respective bit of cut fabric. Choose durable, unadorned fabrics such as cotton rather than satiny or decorated fabrics which may demonstrate the glue.

The Application Process

Brush the wood job surface with decoupage medium using a foam brush. Apply the medium at a thin, even layer, quickly aligning the fabric over it and smoothing it into place. Decoupage medium dries fast, so keep the material on hand, ready to go once the medium was applied to the wood. Smooth the fabric down with your hands, removing wrinkles and air bubbles, which might otherwise dry in place. Use a plastic gift card to smooth it down even more. Trim excess pieces of fabric, if it’s stretched in any way, using a craft knife. Apply another coat of decoupage medium over the surface of the fabric to seal it.

Finishing Touches

If you are covering an area such as a camel, then apply additional coats of decoupage medium to get a more durable surface, or use polyurethane once the decoupage medium dries for more protection. If the edges of the fabric are exposed, hide them by hot gluing decorative cording or roping above the edges, or use thin wooden trim strips to cover the edges.

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Ideas for a Faux Finish to Go Over Dark Red Paint

In case a dark red paint end appears too severe on the walls or a bit of furniture, then tone it down with a faux finish. Faux techniques allow you to make the look of fabric or wood, a color wash or distressed finish, all while keeping as much or as little of the red paint visible as you want in the finished project.

Faux Bois: Fancy Name for Faux Wood Grain

Create an intriguing twist on a wood-grain finish using the dark red as the foundation “wood” color, and another colour such as indigo, black or white as the grain. A transparent glaze, mixed with a bit of a second paint color, serves as the colour for the grain. Test a few distinct glaze and paint-color combinations above a scrap of wood or cardboard painted red to determine which version you like best before handling the true project piece. After happy with a grain color, brush the tinted glaze above the red paint, then drag a wood-graining comb or rocker tool during the wet glaze to make fake wood grain. The rocker tool permits you to make knots and grain variants by rocking the tool up and down as you pull it through the glaze. Produce artificial red wood for drawers on a desk, for a funky tabletop or the portion of a wall under a chair rail, as an example.

Old or Distressed Effects

Add the look of age to a dark-red project by painting and partly removing layers of different colors. Rub candle wax over the whole dark-red area; then apply a coat of another colour of paint, such as lemon yellow. Sand through the top paint color in places that wear the most, such as on corners or borders of a table or near handles on a desk drawer. Repeat the procedure with wax and a different paint color to make the piece appear as if it has been painted several times over recent years. Another way to add artificial aging is with tinted glaze in charcoal grey or honey yellow. Rub the glaze on with a rag or foam brush; then wipe most of it away with a dry rag. Distress the piece more by hitting it with a hammer or bag of nuts and bolts a couple of times before inserting the dark glaze; the glaze pools into dents and details.

Awash in Colors

A color wash tones down the red, giving it a soft, warm appeal. Mix a tinted glaze at a shade such as white, yellow or orange to make the red seem somewhat less dark. Apply the glaze with a brush with bold crossing strokes, then wipe most of the glaze off with a rag. Go over the wet, ragged glaze with a feathering brush or a brush with soft bristles to soften the color gap between the glaze and the red paint. A darker color such as black or cobalt blue above the red adds a rich depth to the original red. Utilize the dark glaze on relatively smaller areas, such as a piece of furniture, instead of on all of the walls in a space to prevent creating the space feel overly dark.

Faux Fabrics

Produce a subtle fabric-style impact utilizing tinted glaze and rubber faux-finishing combs or steel wool. Apply gold glaze, or some other shade aside from red, above the red endeavor piece with brush; then drag the rubber comb through it in parallel lines. Leave the end as-is for a striped effect, or go on it again in a 90-degree angle for a gingham or plaid impact, depending on the tooth spacing on the comb. Create a faux raw-silk finish by pulling a ball of steel wool through wet glaze, working in parallel lines, wiping the excess glaze off the metal wool between moves. For a leathery look, apply dark glaze with a brush; then roll balled-up plastic totes through the wet glaze. Soften the effect with a feathering brush afterwards.

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Mortgage Holder Definition

A mortgage is a person or business with a right. The mortgage loan consists of a promissory note and a security interest, that’s the mortgage , in some countries, a deed of trust. The mortgage holder is the person with the lawful right to apply repayment under the collateral interest under foreclosure or the notes.

Mortgage Definition

A mortgage loan includes two components, such as a promise to repay the money and a lien in property to secure that promise. Mortgage holders may normally enforce repayment of the home loan by demanding payment under the note, and if that does not work, by enforcing the lien through a foreclosure sale of the collateral under the security interest.


The mortgage lender that provides the mortgage capital to the borrower is the mortgage holder that is and your loan originator. However, it is normal in the U.S. economy for the mortgage to change, since mortgage lenders often buy and sell mortgage loans in the secondary market.


The person who becomes a holder that is brand new and takes over a home mortgage does so by getting a transfer and assignment of the mortgage loan. Normally, the mortgage holder will pay a particular amount in relation to another mortgage holder or the originator to the total. The new mortgage holder presumes the identical legal rights that the prior mortgage holder needed.


The mortgage loan does not change because the mortgage holder changes. Rather, the mortgage loan operates based on the original stipulations found in the mortgage documents, meaning the security record and the note. The mortgage never has the right. A change in the mortgage on your mortgage loan will not lead to a change in any of your mortgage loan’s conditions.


To the borrower whom the mortgage is, it should not matter as a practical matter. The borrower’s repayment obligations remain equal before and after an assignment to some other mortgage holder. Is the borrower needs to send his check . The borrower merely must pay the new mortgage holder rather than the mortgage holder. The mortgage holder will send a notice with instructions on how and where to make the payments to the borrower.

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How Much House Can I Afford Having an FHA Loan?

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is a federal agency that oversees the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). Together, HUD and the FHA strive to increase home ownership and boost community development throughout the country. They execute their objectives, in part. As with a traditional loan, your earnings relative to your own expenses dictates how much home you can manage with an FHA merchandise.


While the national government does not provide financing for FHA loans, it supports creditors who choose to supply them. Underwriting advice is received by Personal lenders from HUD, but finally make their acceptance decisions. Relative to conventional loans, income and credit rating criteria for FHA loans are less strict. HUD encourages creditors to consider applicants with less than perfect credit for FHA loans. In return, they offer you a guarantee–when a debtor defaults on an FHA loan, the agency taps a pool of cash, funded by loan holder’s mortgage insurance premiums, and pays the remaining balance on your bad loan.


While HUD needs you to have a minimum credit score of 580 to qualify for a 3.5 percent down payment on an FHA loan, as of 2010, it does not require a minimum credit rating for acceptance. The property you are looking to fund cannot exceed a certain value, as determined by an area-specific basis by HUD. In the City and County of San Francisco, for instance, the FHA limit for a one-unit dwelling is 729,750, as of February 2009.

Debt-to-Income Ratio

The key criterion that determines how much you can afford, not just your chances in acceptance, having an FHA loan is the debt-to-income ratio. Underwriters for FHA loans assess the amount of your total house payment, including principal, interest, insurance and taxes, relative to a monthly gross earnings. Based on HUD’s”Mortgage Credit Analysis for Mortgage Insurance” record, this ratio cannot exceed 31 percent, meaning you can devote no more than 31 percent of your earnings to your home payment. Lenders scrutinize the amount of total debt, including the mortgage, you have against your earnings. This ratio cannot exceed 43 percent. HUD explains your debt-to-income amounts can transcend the above-mentioned levels if you display”compensating factors” These include a”demonstrated ability” to make home payments comparable to the payment you would make if approved for an FHA loan, a substantial amount of money in savings and a deposit of more than 10 percent.


You can use a mortgage calculator to plug into your income and expenses and get an estimated mortgage amount for an FHA mortgage. If you earn a monthly salary of $5,500, expect to pay monthly property taxes of $150 and insurance premiums of $200 to your new house, put $350 per month toward a car payment and pay $300 per month in credit card and other debt obligations, you might be eligible for an FHA loan of around $182,556 using a monthly payment of $980, according to the Mortgage Calculator. These amounts are based on a 30-year loan using a 5-percent interest rate.


While HUD authorizes creditors to exercise flexibility when crunching charge and allowable ratio–associated numbers, FHA loan consent is hardly guaranteed. According to HUD data, the average FICO credit rating of borrowers accepted for FHA loans has been 697. Of these borrowers qualified as first-time house buyers. The rate of software to endorsements, or accepted mortgages, was 68%, which translates into some 32-percent denial speed.

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Can Home Mortgage Tax Deduction Work?

The house mortgage tax deduction lets you decrease your taxable income from the amount you paid interest on your mortgage from the last year. According to the”Wall Street Journal,” the home mortgage deduction saves Americans $100 billion a year in earnings. The house mortgage tax deduction is inserted if they amount to more than the standard deduction, to the rest of your itemized deductions, which can be claimed rather than the standard deduction.


Each year, any creditor to whom you have paid home mortgage interest must provide you with a copy of IRS Form 1098, also called the”Mortgage Interest Statement.” This form lets you know the amount in mortgage interest you paid over the year. If you bought your house in the last year and compensated”points” of prepaid interest to get a better mortgage rate, that amount will also be identified. Form 1098 lets you know how much you paid in mortgage insurance premiums. Most lenders require this insurance to be paid for by you when a mortgage loan exceeds 80 percent of your home’s value. The IRS treats these insurance premiums because of tax-deductible mortgage interest.


You must itemize your income tax deductions, to claim the mortgage interest deduction. To do this, file the IRS 1040″long form” and fill out Schedule A. You cannot itemize deductions with simplified form 1040EZ or the form 1040A. Mortgage interest, points and mortgage insurance premiums go from the”Interest You Paid” section of Schedule A.


You can claim a deduction for mortgage interest on up to two houses: another home and your residence. The IRS includes a broad definition of”house,” which can apply to a house, owned flat, condominium, recreational vehicle, ship or whatever else which has a sleeping place, cooking area and a bathroom.


To get a loan to qualify as a mortgage eligible for the interest rate, it must be secured from the house itself meaning the house serves as collateral for the loan. In the event the lender couldn’t waive your house if you defaulted on the loan, then the loan isn’t secured by your house and consequently isn’t qualified for the deduction.


The IRS defines mortgages as either”home acquisition debt” or”home equity debt” Qualifying loans taken out to buy, build or make improvements to a house are considered home acquisition debt. You cannot claim an interest deduction for more than $1 million at home acquisition debt, initially and second houses combined, in any given calendar year. A qualifying loan which was used for something aside from buying, building or improvements is considered home equity . You cannot claim an interest deduction for more than $100,000 in home equity debt in any given calendar year.

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What's a Short Sale in Real Estate Terminology?

Most home buyers desire a large mortgage loan to make such a huge buy, and every mortgage reflects a certain degree of danger. Homeowners who fall behind on their mortgage obligations might be given a notice of default from the creditor, that’s the first step toward potential foreclosure and eviction. A brief sale is 1 option available to these homeowners that could possibly be the best choice in some cases.


A brief sale is a house sale based on an agreement between the creditor and the homeowner who’s behind on mortgage payments. The homeowner makes plans to sell the house for less than the amount owed to the creditor, a balance that usually signifies a price below its fair market value. The creditor agrees to forgive the gap in debt between the amount owed and the sale price. Proceeds from the sale go to the creditor, and the seller moves out with no further debt.


Short sales could be advantageous to buyers, sellers and lenders alike. For a creditor, it eliminates the necessity to go through the entire foreclosure process, which entails court penalties and a great deal of effort and time, such as selling the house at auction following a foreclosure and hoping to get a good price. Sellers benefit because they have a part of their mortgage loan forgiven and will drift away from the house and start fresh after falling behind on payments. Buyers have a chance to buy a house maybe for less than its fair market value.


There are also some significant disadvantages to brief sales. Lenders who consent to a brief sale lose money they’d have the ability to recover if the homeowner may make mortgage obligations and continue to pay off the loan. This is why lenders are not likely to agree to brief sales unless the homeowner has been a few months behind in payments and foreclosure appears to be imminent. Sellers who prevent foreclosure with a brief sale are damaging their credit histories, but the adverse impact would ordinarily be worse with a foreclosure.


Buyers who wish to buy a house through a brief sale confront some particular requirements. A purchaser’s bid might be held by the creditor for several weeks before the creditor makes a decision regarding whether to consent to a brief sale. This makes buying short sale homes inconvenient for households with a timetable for moving that is not very elastic. Buyers who do become homeowners through a brief sale might need to put in extra work on the house, because its previous owner was facing financial hardship and might not have been able to keep up on routine maintenance.


When a creditor won’t permit a brief sale, the end result is very likely to be a foreclosure. This may require extra effort on the part of the creditor and further harm the homeowner’s credit. But, it may provide a greater return for the creditor if the house sells for nearer to its market value at auction. Bankruptcy is another, even more detrimental, option for homeowners who might have additional fiscal problems like credit card debt. Bankruptcy is very detrimental to a homeowner credit rating, but it might eliminate outstanding debt.

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The Way to Purchase Ranch Property

Purchasing ranch along with other agricultural property is a far more complex process than the typical residential real estate transaction. The review process demands the use of several specialists, and the buyer’s research requirements are far more involved.

Determine whether the house is the ideal size to encourage the amount of animals you’ll be keeping there. A broker from the Natural Resources Conservation Service office in your region can help with this. You can find information on this service on the Department of Agriculture site.

Check the property’s zoning to make it in an agricultural zoning district and zoned to the livestock you’ll be raising. This info can be found in the county planning and zoning department, occasionally known as Resources and Management.

Request to find a parcel map which lists easements. Some rural properties which were not previously ranched could be landlocked. If an easement not exist, then you’ll be responsible for securing consent from a neighboring property owner to cross over his land to get to yours. This consent is known as an easement.

Assess riparian rights — the rights of landowners to utilize water that’s on or conducts through property — for any bodies of water on the ranch house. Riparian rights occasionally run with the property or are carried by separate deed. The government office which holds this data varies by country. Start with your state engineer.

Have the septic and septic lines inspected if there is a septic system. If no strategy exists and you’ll be installing one, employ a specialist to perform a percolation test, also known as a”perc,” to make sure the property will support a septic system.

Inspect the well. Lenders generally demand a water-quality test, but you should also hire a specialist to ascertain that the pump and other components are working properly. At the same time, some counties require the well to be a certain distance in the septic system, so check local ordinances for the region’s requirements.

Perform a soil test. County cooperative extension offices across the nation offer dirt analyses at sensible rates.

Locate a lender who makes loans on ranch or rural properties. Not all lenders have programs for this type of purchase. Your realtor ought to have the ability to refer you to one who does.

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Housing Alternatives for Families

Long-term traditional mortgages that require substantial down payments and stellar credit ratings aren’t within the range of many low income families. Other housing choices are available to families in such financial situations. Local municipalities, nonprofit organizations and the national government all provide different housing options for low-income families.

Public Housing Developments

The national government provides entire buildings across the United States that are specifically for low-income people and families. According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), there are approximately 1.2 million households living in public housing units. Over 3,300 housing authorities manage the components. You will find high-rises filled with hundreds of apartments as well as low-rise developments that have hundreds of components spread out in four- to six-unit buildings. Most public housing developments include play areas and space for children. So as to be deemed qualified for an apartment in a public housing development, families must be U.S. citizens and meet income requirements (limits vary by region and public housing authority). The lease in public housing units is greatly subsidized so the tenant pays a fraction of the actual market value of the unit.

Mixed Income Developments

Mixed-income developments are residential websites that include housing for people in various income brackets. A diverse economic spectrum will be reflected in one construction, typically via a mixture of public capital, government programs and nonprofit agencies. Some local agencies, including New York’s Department of Housing Preservation and Development, utilize lottery systems to offer the non – and middle-income housing units fairly. In New York people who win the lottery must still meet certain residential and income requirements prior to receiving a unit. According to the Association of Bay Area Governments, mixed-income developments help to reduce the negative impact of concentrated poverty.

Property Taxes

A property contract is a legal arrangement between a buyer and a seller that doesn’t involve a mortgage or large down payment. The buyer buys the property through a series of payments that are agreed upon in a written contract. A property contract is a viable option for home ownership for those who don’t have enough money or charge to get a large down payment, but can afford monthly payments, according to Standard Legal.

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All You Want to Know

A loan is a legal contract between a lender and a debtor that uses property as collateral to secure financing. Mortgages may seem complicated to first-time house buyers, so talk about all mortgage details with your lender prior to signing any documents. And when there are terms you don’t know, seek help.

Mortgage Approval Process

To acquire a mortgage, then you must complete an application process and qualify with your lender. In accordance with GMAC Mortgage, most lenders will consider factors like income, debt, assets, credit history and also the worth of the house. You may want to acquire pre-approved before beginning your house search. Lenders pre-approve home buyers that establish solid financial history. Home buyers that are pre-approved for a mortgage may be more appealing to sellers. And if you’re pre-approved, you will know what you can afford.

Mortgage Down Payment Prerequisites

The conventional down payment amount for a mortgage is 20% of the home purchase price. But in recent years smaller down payments are becoming more prevalent. Loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration, as an example, can have down payment amounts as low as 3.5 percent. Some lenders offer no-down-payment options, but these are typically reserved for veterans or people with excellent credit ratings.

Mortgage Interest Rates

Mortgage interest rates constantly fluctuate. By way of example, in June 2009 to June 2010, the interest rate for 30-year fixed-rate mortgages dropped from 5.4 percent to 4.6 percent. If at all possible, wait until the interest rates are at a low point. Online resources like offer weekly updates regarding mortgage interest rates, as well as yearly statistics and other info.

Mortgage Agreements

Collars are often repaid in 20, 25 or even 30 years. Payments are due each month, and are applied to the quantity of the loan (principal), interest, taxes and some other insurance that may be attached to the mortgage. Calculate your monthly payments to be certain they are within your budget.

Fixed Rate vs. Adjustable Rate

Having a fixed rate mortgage, interest rates do not change. An adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) starts with a predetermined rate for 6 weeks to a decade. Following that, the ARM’s rate can change depending on the industry. A fixed rate mortgage is ideal for home owners that purchase when rates are low and that intend to remain in their house for quite a long moment. ARMs are a good idea if interest rates are very high at the time of purchase and if you’re most likely to proceed before the adjustable rate period starts.

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Guest Picks: 20 Pieces for a Casual Breakfast Area

While fewer houses these days have a formal “breakfast space,” the idea of a dining area for everyday use is more popular than ever. Some individuals are dividing breakfast nooks from the own kitchen or family room. Others are ditching the formal dining area and rather making it a family-friendly space for casual meals, meetings and weekend activities. Often miniature in size, these spaces will need to be large on purpose, which makes them a particularly demanding design struggle. To assist with the process, I’ve assembled a number of the essential items for a brand new, fun breakfast area that will appeal to everybody in the household. — Lucy from Four Walls and a Roof

Gingko Home Furnishings

Oak Park Dining Table – $1,180

Wood tables are a cozy-looking alternative for a family breakfast area. I enjoy this Mission-inspired design since the central pedestal makes it simpler to cram additional seating, even highchairs, around it.

Room & Board

Bellini Chair, White – $175

I would contrast the wood table with clean white chairs. This one looks as though it’d defy spills, booster chairs and the strange crayon whilst still retaining its own dignity!

The Future Perfect

My Sugar Bowl, Green With Blue Lid – $24

This creamer and sugar bowl set would add a splash of subtle color and is ideal for everyday use.

West Elm

Turning Pendant, Wood/White – $149

A turned-wood lamp fixture with a plain white color looks easygoing but complements the table and chairs flawlessly.

Room & Board

Galbraith & Paul Medium Drum Pendant Lamp, Mum, Green – $399

Among the easiest ways to add color and pattern into a small area is with a cloth pendant shade. This floral design is fresh, contemporary and ideal for a sunny breakfast area.

Room & Board

Eames Molded Plastic Chair With Wire Base, Sparrow – $399

I would pair the shade with Eames Eiffel chairs, but decide on an offbeat hue like this intriguingly named “sparrow” color.


Docksta Dining Table | IKEA – $199

I would finish off the look with the ultimate family breakfast table: the Docksta from Ikea. It’s small, affordable and practically indestructible.


Also by Blu Dot Platten Round Dining Table, Dark Gray – $299.99

Metal is another fantastic option for practical dining. This diminutive table from Blu Dot’s range for Target will fit most budgets. I enjoy the dark gray version since it will give a small area some definition.

Room & Board

Jake Chair, Walnut – $79

I’d warm up the look with these wood veneer chairs. They’re simple to wash and searchable, only if you want to stash a few in the basement for additional guests.

West Elm

Bentwood Pendants – $169

Top off the look with a bentwood necklace with a midcentury vibe.


Montego Buffet, Antique White – $144.57

Storage and additional surface area are essential in a family eating area. In my family, we avoid placing hot side dishes and pitchers (that can be knocked over) on the table while eating, preferring to place them into the side for security’s sake. This is one of the very best value sideboards I’ve seen, and it’d fit unobtrusively in most decor fashions.


Slice Mint Wall-Mounted Storage Shelf – $149

If space is actually at a premium, wall-mounted storage is a fantastic alternative. I enjoy these small wall cabinets in a range of fun colors.

Relish interior and home design

Woolly Pocket – $113

Wall-mounted plants can be a great way to add texture and character to a sunny space without taking up precious floor or surface area.

The Shade Store

Custom Light-Filtering Roller Shades, Noir Daisy

Roller shades are a sensible alternative for rooms adjacent kitchens. I enjoy this black and white pattern. It would be ideal with the dark gray table. Choose a constant loop fixture for simple opening on a daily basis.


Bamboo Placemats – $12

Chilewich placemats have to be the best invention! They’re great for family diningtable, as they’re super easy to wash, plus they look sophisticated enough for the grown-ups too.


Felt Coasters, Naturals, Secret Pond by Feltplanet – $21

I love these felt coasters that are shaped like pebbles. They’re simple to use and don’t become missiles once thrown! (Yes, every 2-year-old loves throwing coasters.)


Wall Storage Organizer Box Shelf Set by Another Cup – $56.90

Breakfast areas often double as home management stations — and that includes all of the corresponding odds and ends that somehow seem to multiply. A row of these little wall-mounted boxes would be great for keeping paperclips, tape and other essential items that never find a home.


White File File – $24.95

Another smart storage alternative is this wall-mounted magazine rack. I could definitely use one of these to store email, forms and homework in progress.


Twist Tray, Aqua – EUR 34

If you’ve got the surface area, attractive filing trays might be an alternative.


Tower of Rings – EUR 55

It looks like a baby’s stacking toy, but this is in fact a set of napkin rings. If you use them frequently or simply enjoy them as a decorative object, they’d be good as a finishing touch in a family breakfast area.

Next: Breakfast Nooks, Sunny Side Up

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An Urban Home Nestled in a Thicket

When famous landscape architect Richard Haag along with his spouse, political activist Cheryl Trivison, were looking to move, they had several priorities and inspirations. They wanted to create a house they can live in for the remainder of their lives; they adored the calm spaces provided by Japanese houses; they desired to enjoy the sweeping views of the University of Washington campus, Mount Baker and the Cascades; they desired to use plants to display and enhance perspectives, as well as for sustenance; they desired rooms for entertaining; plus they desired space to host their large family, who visited often.

The few hired architect firm Studio Ectypos, whose team equipped with a very deep comprehension of the couple’s vision and way of life. I talked with architect Lucia Pirzio-Biroli about how she included universal design, maximized using natural light, made the most of the perspectives, provided flexible spaces and weaved together spaces for spaces and tranquil for actions, as well as private and public zones, into one harmonious home.

Before Haag and Trivison built this house, the lot contained a dilapidated ranch home that had been full of rowdy renters who pulled loud, wild parties — a source of controversy in the neighborhood. The new home sits atop the older footprint with one small addition, and the parties held in it today are family vacation get-togethers complete with skits, as well as political fundraisers and University of Washington college parties.

at a Glance
Location: North Capitol Hill neighborhood of Seattle
Who lives here: Richard Haag and Cheryl Trivison
Size: 3,500 square feet, 6 bedrooms/multiuse rooms, 4 bathrooms

Studio Ectypos

Even though the home is just about 10 feet from the pavement, the topography and landscaping provide solitude. The architects paid very careful attention to using natural light into the max. “Westerly light is deadly at the summer in Seattle,” states Pirzio-Biroli. She used deep overhangs to shade the home where needed and corner windows to provide the insides with natural light.

Studio Ectypos

A very long ramp navigates the 4-foot tier change from the street level to the front door. It is only one of the many universal design components. Others incorporate a very complete first floor that the few can live on when they ever want to, including a bedroom, full bath and a design with all the spaces wide enough to accomodate a walker. In addition, there is a basement apartment which could serve as a house for a live-in caregiver or provide rental income.

Studio Ectypos

Haag, a pioneer of urban landscape design, carefully planned the yard to develop into an urban thicket, shading the home and providing privacy where necessary, exploding with colour in the autumn and dropping leaves before winter to let in the light. He also planted many edible plants for humans and urban fauna alike.

Studio Ectypos

Within the front entrance foyer, a thick library wall divides the public areas from the personal areas, also known as calm and active zones. The side facing the front door is an art wall; the side facing the bedrooms retains hundreds of novels — which, Pirzio-Biroli points outside generates depth. “When you have to check at the conclusion of a lanky wall, it’s bad architecture,” she says.

“A hallway that just functions as a corridor is wasted space,” she adds. “We create spaces which do at least three things at once. For example, this hallway screens the private bedroom and toilet from the entrance foyer; it serves as a library and as a hallway.”

Studio Ectypos

Moving to the dining room and kitchen, an open bookshelf enables someone who is cooking to peek through and see who is coming in without being a wide-open floor plan. “A kitchen is part of this social area, but let’s face it, as soon as you’re finished cooking, there is a major mess that you want to be able to overlook — we wanted it to be open but not at the center of everything,” Pirzio-Biroli states.

An upstairs balcony connects the two floors and encourages conversation between the two. “This family loves to put on theater performances throughout the holidays, along with the balcony becomes part of the stage set,” she states.

Studio Ectypos

A thicket of deciduous trees provides solitude and creates a gorgeous fall perspective out this first-floor window.

The windows are commercial-grade aluminum, and the sills are easy maple. The fir and beech doors throughout the home are also commercial grade. “We use commercial grade a good deal; commercial grade signifies better immunity and a simpler aesthetic; it is not as gimmicky as a great deal of residential products,” Pirzio-Biroli describes.

Studio Ectypos

Part of this first floor appreciates a two-story volume, which lets in more light and perspectives and lends a very spacious feeling. This wall faces west and is shaded by a deep overhang, which forms a rain patio past the glass doors. “My clients had invested some time in Japan and enjoyed the notion of doors which opened into a secure outdoor room,” Pirzio-Biroli states. “Here in Seattle, it’s really quite pleasant outside when it’s raining provided that you’re covered.”

Eggshell-hued walls are punctuated by dark aluminum-trimmed windows. The door and baseboard trim is painted the same colour as the walls but at a semigloss, giving it a very subtle distinction.

Studio Ectypos

“My clients use the woodstove all the time,” Pirzio-Biroli states. “This is a good case of where the more public areas meet a more personal area, a cozy reading area.” The line between the two is demarcated by where the hardwood meets the tight, commercial-grade Berber carpet. Additionally, this calm, personal space has a lower ceiling and thus a cozier feeling.

The floors are oak.

Tip: Should you enjoy variant in your floors, do not splurge on a high tier. “Oak comes in various grades. We like to install the lower levels, since they have more life in them, whereas the higher levels are very consistent,” Pirzio-Biroli states.

Studio Ectypos

“You can observe that the master bedroom is a very easy room without a great deal of pretense,” says the architect. “It is composed to take in the stunning perspectives … and corner windows like these catch the light in various ways.”

She adds, “The home is quite flexible, and we designed the home to exactly how the clients desired to live. There’s a logic to the sequence of spaces, from public and active to relaxing and relaxing.”

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Can You Wash and Dry Memory Foam Pillows?

Though some forms of bed pillows withstand machine washing, memory foam pillows do not nor should they be put in a drier. If the pillow is in need of a cleanup or freshening, spot-cleaning retains the foam in good shape. To maintain the pillow its cleanest and freshest, use a pillow cover or lining between the pillow and pillowcase, washing the cover as needed.

Memory Foam Pillow Care

Vacuum a memory foam pillow to remove dust, debris and hair which settles on the pillow as time passes. If the pillow has a removable protective liner or sleeve over it, remove the lining anytime you change the bedding to allow the pillow air out for an hour or 2; this helps release moisture or perspiration that the pillow absorbs out of routine use. Spot-clean soiled areas with a soft cloth dipped to mildly soapy cool water, wringing out nearly all of the water; then wipe again with a slightly moist cloth to remove any soap residue. Use a light touch after cleaning the pillow to prevent damaging the delicate polyurethane. Allow the pillow to dry thoroughly; a ceiling fan expedites the process.

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Epoxy Coating Removal

Epoxy coatings are generally used on high-traffic areas like garage flooring since they wear well and need very little upkeep. But, problems frequently arise when property owners desire to remove the epoxy coatings since conventional scrubbing methods are usually ineffective. The removal of epoxy coatings needs a fantastic deal of work, and many of important safety measures need to be adopted.


Safety measures must be followed once you use an acid wash to take an epoxy coating. Ensure that the area is well ventilated. Wear appropriate protective clothing, especially rubber boots with acid-resistant bottoms and acid-resistant gloves. Never rely on a simple dust mask; buy a correct respirator with a filter to keep toxins out. Wear goggles to protect your eyes and protect your hair with a cap. When hosing the wash, constantly hose it from you therefore none of the acid gets on your clothes.

Acid Wash

Soak flooring liberally with clean water before work begins. Mix a wash of muriatic acid and water at a ratio of 12 oz. Of acid to one gallon of water. Use the wash to the epoxy coating using a scrubbing brush and let it boil for a quarter hour. Sprinkle baking soda over the surface of the floor to nullify the effects of the acid. Use a pressure washer to remove the acid wash from the coating. It might be required to repeat the process several times to remove the epoxy coating completely.


You can use solvents to remove epoxy coating, but it also requires extra time and work to reach the best results. Start by scraping off as much of the epoxy coating as you can by hand or with a hand-held tool fitted with a rigid scraper blade. Apply a generous amount of solvent to the floor, working in small, contained regions. Although solvents like lacquer thinner aid to remove the epoxy coating, acetone frequently produces the best results. Scrape away the epoxy coating and repeat the process over different regions of the floor. Finish by hosing down the surface of the floor to remove the solvent.


You can use flooring grinders to remove plaster coatings easily. You can purchase or rent a floor grinder system. For stubborn areas like corners or edges, you can use a handheld rotary tool with a shaving attachment to get those off last scraps of epoxy. With either apparatus, the blades must be either carbide or diamond tipped for it to work properly. Familiarize yourself with the machines and take your time to ensure full removal of the epoxy coating. Utilize a wet/dry vacuum cleaner to suck up the debris as possible work. This will let you see whether you’ve completed a location before you move.

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Could a Clear Coat Be Stripped and Reapplied?

The expression”clear coat” frequently refers to a clean, colorless polyurethane sealant used to protect floors and furniture. However, the term also includes any sealant, with or without color, that preserves the presence of the wood grain when providing a protective coating. Additional clear coats include varnish, oils and sealants. While any of these apparent coatings may be removed and reapplied, the benefit of removing the clear coat without removing the underlying blot will depend on the method and the status of the furniture or floor.

Oils or Waxes

Mineral spirits or turpentine will remove an oil coat from wood. Oils and waxes are most commonly used on unstained or unpainted wood to prevent drying, provide a moisture resistant barrier and make a glossy shine. However, they may be applied over a blot. If the wood has been stained, be careful when implementing the solvent as it may draw the stain out of the wood. Scrub the surface of the wood with a solvent and medium-grade steel wool. Reapply the oil or wax based on the manufacturer’s instructions.

Sanding Furniture to Eliminate a Clear Coat

In case the polyurethane clear coat is becoming yellowed or unsure, use sand paper or a tiny handheld sander to strip the coat. Don’t use a massive power sander, because it will remove the clear coat and a layer of wood. Also, a power sander, if used badly or by the inexperienced, will leave grooves in the wood. Sand with the grain of the wood and work with a light pressure. Vacuum the surface with the bristle attachment of a shop-vac to eliminate all of the dust and then use a tack cloth to grab anything that the vacuum cleaner overlooked. Reapply the coat based on the manufacturer’s instructions.

Screening Flooring to Strip a Clear Coat

If your flooring have become dull and scuffed, utilize a procedure called screening to eliminate the clear coat. Screening uses a floor buffer and progressively finer grades of abrasive disks, beginning at 60-grit and finish at 120-grit. This system produces a significant amount of dust and you must hand sand the corners. You can use a detail sander for the corners, but you should be careful to mix with the surrounding region. You can only screen floors which are unwaxed. For waxed flooring, you will need to completely strip the ground, blot included, with a drum sander which will also remove a fine layer of wood.

Using Chemical Solvents

Most hardware stores offer an assortment of chemical solvents developed to strip memory, paint and varnish. These solvents will not pull the stain out of wood, but they may lighten or discolor it. Chemical solvents soften the apparent coat, allowing it to be washed or shut off. When using chemical solvents, always work in a well ventilated place. Be skeptical of solvents that wash off with warm water, because the wood will soak up the water, preventing it from accepting a brand new clear coat.

Significant Notes

Always vacuum and wash the surface off with tack cloth before applying a fresh clear coat. Any dust particles will become trapped in the crystal clear coat, marring the end and possibly preventing the clear coat from sticking to the surface. If you previously employed an oil-based clear coat, only utilize an oil-based clear coat to the new end. The same goes for water-based. When the clear coat has been scraped to bare wood, you must strip all the furniture or flooring to bare wood prior to reapplying any stain or clear coat.

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The Way to Get Food Away Antique Wood Furniture

If food has spilled on your classic wood furniture, do not forget that the longer the food sits in place, the more difficult it’s to eliminate. If that wooden dining room table is an antique or a family room, using even a gentle abrasive or substance on it’s out of the question, as the cleaning procedure may cause more damage than good. Soft methods eliminate even the most stubborn foods from furniture, though it might take several tries or techniques to completely eliminate the food remains.

Place several ice cubes in a zippered plastic bag to treat greasy food residue on wooden furniture. Set the bag of ice directly over the moist fatty area until the place hardens. Scrape away as much of the debris as you can with the advantage of a plastic knife or a piece of card stock. If any grease remains, set a folded cotton fabric over the place and iron it on a low setting for several seconds until the cloth lifts away the dirt.

Eliminate milk or food that’s been left to dry on your classic piece by wiping it gently with a soft cloth, working from the outside edges toward the middle of the material. Dab a bit of oil soap on a slightly damp cloth or sponge to loosen the rest of the food residue. Wipe it clean with a fresh damp cloth or sponge, drying out the wood immediately afterwards with yet another fabric.

Eliminate Cracked or gummy food spills, like honey or molasses, by scratching up as much of it as you can with a plastic knife or pastry knife, operating from the outside in, when the substance is currently somewhat hard. If not, blot with a damp sponge, then again working toward the middle. Place a sandwich bag of ice cubes over the region and scrape on the material once it stinks. Eliminate any remaining residue by placing a little hot water on a soft cloth, then placing the fabric over the drip until the cloth liquefies. Dab it away, working toward the middle. Wipe clean with fresh damp cloth, then dry the area instantly.

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The Way to Refinish Brazilian Walnut Wood

When it comes to timber, Brazilian walnut ranks close to the top on the hardness scale. Called an exotic species, it’s tougher than oak or maple. It is used on specialty items like knobs, handles, medallions, tables, stair treads and handrails, plaques, veneer and flooring. The deep rich texture and colour of Brazilian walnut is comparable to teak, and for this reason, usually doesn’t need blot.

The Stripper

Chemical strippers are caustic. Don rubber gloves, breathing and eye protection and put down a dropcloth before you start. Apply an even coat of chemical stripper to the timber with a brush. Permit the stripper to gel the initial end and start scraping the finish off with a level stick. Do not use sharp tools since they can scrape. Scrape the finish off from the inside out. Use sharpened sticks to get inside tight spaces and corners. Fold a sheet of sandpaper into a sharp edge to receive gelled finish out of tight spots.

Sand Softly

Because this is a refinishing task the surface of the walnut has previously been sanded, so go straight to higher-grit sandpapers to your last prep before completing. Orbital sanders can leave small swirls in walnut, whilst belt sanders depart lines, therefore sand the surface of the walnut employing a hand block with 180-grit sandpaper. It is more work, but pays off in the long run. Sand the wood smooth with strokes parallel with the grain. Brazilian walnut is tough and will withstand the attempt so be patient. It should produce a fine powder during sanding. If the hand block begins to slide or polish the timber, change the paper. Brazilian walnut can be slightly fatty, therefore wipe the surface using a cloth dampened with acetone to clean off the tacky feel and remove dust or residue. Permit the wood to dry.

To Seal or Not to Seal

Brazilian walnut is prized because of its colour and texture and doesn’t need blot. But, oil-based stain is sometimes employed as a sealer or to tint the walnut marginally. Choose a colour that you prefer, wipe it liberally and wash it off. Oil stain takes up to 72 hours to cure, so follow label instructions and give it considerable time. If you skip the stain, apply a coat of sealer to the walnut with a soft brush. Sealer dries fast so work accordingly using strokes parallel with the grain to cover the timber until it dries.

Gloss or Satin

Satin polyurethane works well on Brazilian walnut. Other options include varnish or lacquer. Glossy clear coats detract from the beauty of walnut, but should you want, gloss is also an option. Apply a single coat of the clear finish to the wood with a soft brush with strokes parallel with the grain. Permit the finish to dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Some goods take days, others just a few hours. When the initial coat is dry, apply a couple of additional coats using strokes parallel with the grain. Two coats are often adequate, but additional coats can be applied if desired to get a deeper appearance.

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Washing Windows With Vinegar and Ammonia

Washing windows can leave streaks, but vinegar and chlorine are successful streak-free cleansers. Ammonia is a powerful cleanser but because of its hefty fumes and ability to soften skin, it also requires safety precautions. Vinegar is nontoxic and won’t burn skin. Even though some people today find the odor of vinegar unpleasant, it dissipates as it dissolves.


Vinegar’s acidity cuts through grease. This all-natural cleaner is inexpensive and available at any supermarket. After washing the windows with soap and water to remove excessive dirt, then make a spray cleaner by inserting two tablespoons distilled white vinegar to 1 quart water in a spray bottle. Spray it on the windows, then allow it to sit for a minute or two, then wipe the window using a squeegee or microfiber fabric to prevent stripes.


Ammonia, a base, cuts through grease from dissolving fatty acids. Because of its strong fumes, you must adequately ventilate the room, meaning opening the windows as soon as you have washed them or turning to a fan. You’ll also need rubber gloves to protect your skin and a face mask to filter fumes. Mix ammonia at precisely the same ratio as vinegar — two tablespoon per gallon of water. If desired, blend 1 tablespoon ammonia and one tablespoon vinegar with the water rather.

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How to Wash Shoe Polish Stains From Vinyl Floors

Vinyl functions as a durable floor covering which is resistant to spills and stains, provided that the offending material is washed straight away. This type of flooring is more prone to scuffs and marks from rubber shoe soles and shoe shine, however. An eraser comes to the rescue to remove shoe shine, rendering the floor mark-free once more.

Erase People Scuffs

An eraser made to wipe away pencil marks also erases shoe shine scuffs on vinyl flooring. First, blot the area with a paper towel in the event the scuff is fresh, since a few of the polish may transfer over to the paper. Rub gently using the paper towel, rubbing at the direction of this scuff, rather than over it, to avoid spreading it. Once you’ve removed as much as you can using the paper towel, rub the region with a large eraser until the scuff evaporates. If a little shoe polish residue remains, pour a small amount of baby oil above the mark, then let it sit for 20 minutes or so, then rub away with a soft cloth.

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How to Repair a Leak Within an Air Mattress Using a Hot Glue Gun

The best way to repair a hole in a leaky vinyl air mattress is using a repair kit created for the item, but warm glue can stop the air leakage and temporarily repair the harm in a crisis. After locating the hole in the bed, it is ideal to use a low-temp glue gun to stop damage to the plastic, which is a form of plastic.

Inflate the bed as much as you can and listen for escaping air around the seams and all over the surface to find the hole. If you can’t hear any escaping air, dip a kitchen sponge into a soapy water solution and then rub the sponge gently above the mattress surface, then starting with the seams, then to observe where bubbles form. Wipe the bed dry using a soft cloth and mark the hole using a bit of tape or a marker.

Insert a glue stick into a low-temp glue gun. Plug the glue gun in and allow it to fully heat up. Remove any tape from the hole at the air mattress in the event that you used it to mark the spot.

Squeeze the face of this glue gun and gently put a small dab of hot glue over the hole to temporarily patch it up.

Allow the hot glue to fully dry before using the air mattress again.

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High Desert Plants That Grow on a chain-link Fence

In general, the phrase “high desert” identifies desert regions that are situated inland at high elevations. Even though these regions are dry, they do receive more precipitation than lesser lying desert regions and are not quite as alluring. In California, the high desert goes to the geographic region northeast of the San Gabriel Mountains. Gardeners living in California’s high desert or in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 and 9 can develop several climbing high desert plants to cover unsightly chain link fences. Many of these climbing plants are vines, but a few are shrubs with vine-like tendencies.

Evergreens and Semievergreens

Primrose jasmine (Jasminum mesnyi), yellow orchid vine (Mascagnia macroptera) along with pink trumpet vine (Podranea ricasoliana) are excellent options for evergreen vines to cover a fence. Primrose jasmine offers yellow flowers in late winter and spring, while the yellow orchid vine blossoms in late spring and early summer. Planting these two together generates an evergreen fence with yellow flowers continuously from late winter to early summer. The pink trumpet vine flowers in late summer and fall along with its blossoms have a light, pleasing scent. The yellow orchid and pink trumpet vines are semievergreen and might die back temporarily during cold winters. All these plants do best in full sun.

Year-Round Flowers

For year-round blossoms, bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) is just a vine-like shrub that likes full sun or part shade in exceedingly hot areas, requires very little water once established and comes in a wide array of bright colors. However, bougainvillea includes thorns and might not be suitable for fences near sidewalks or heavily traveled areas. A thorn-free option for flower lovers with a fence in full sun is the potato vine (Solanum jasminoides), which provides white flowers and purplish green foliage annually when grown in a frost free environment. Cape honeysuckle (Tecomaria capensis) also flowers during the year. As an additional bonus, the vibrant red-orange blossoms of the cape honeysuckle will attract hummingbirds to your garden.

Low Litter

If your fence is close to a pool, you will want plants that won’t fall a whole lot of leaves or spent flowers which shake pool filters and stick to wet bare feet. Low litter plants are also a wise option for fences next to walkways, so guests don’t drag messy plant components into your home. Low litter options include grape ivy (Cissus trifoliata) and lilac vine (Hardenbergia violacea). Grape ivy is semievergreen and although not showy, offers attractive green foliage and will grow in full sunlight in addition to deep shade. Lilac vine is a evergreen shrub-like plant that can climb fences and produce purple flower clusters in the winter and spring. The evergreen primrose jasmine and year old flowering potato vine also create hardly any litter.

Two Noteworthy Plants

Even though they defy categorization, there are two other exceptional options for gardeners wanting to conceal a fence. One is the hacienda creeper (Parthenocissus tricuspidata). Also called Boston ivy, the hacienda creeper is a semievergreen vine with glossy leaves and attractive leaf color options. In areas where the plant will not lose its leaves in the fall, the leaves turn shades of crimson, orange and burgundy in the fall. This is only one of the few climbers that can be grown in the high desert which produces such stunning fall color reliably. Another option is Lady Banks’ rose (Rosa banksiae). Although this plant isn’t particular to the high desert climate, it will not grow well there. This rose is an appealing, vigorous evergreen with white or pale yellow flowers and requires hardly any attention or water, making it perfect for active gardeners on the move.

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The Best Ways to Trim a Mulberry Tree

Mulberry trees (Morus spp.) Are notoriously famous for dropping staining fruits onto walkways and neighboring vehicles using their long, outstretched branches. Trimming your mulberry tree looks like a sensible solution, but these deciduous trees can’t tolerate extensive pruning without harming their general wellness. The most effective ways to trim a mulberry tree include strategic branch removal and cutting the limbs during the period.


The winter dormancy period lets you trim the mulberry tree when it isn’t actively growing. Since the tree is deciduous, you readily find the branches within the tree’s canopy to get an accurate survey of essential pruning. Should you wait to trim the tree during the spring and summer, then you can’t observe the limbs that might need cutting since the leaf blocks the view. In fact, the summertime heat leads to pruning damage, particularly together with the bark. Damaged and sunburned bark from trimming allows pests and pathogens to further aggravate the vulnerable cuts.

Limited Trimming

Your trimming method needs to be limited to dead, diseased and crossed branches. Mulberry trees have a tendency to bleed at the cutting edge sites, which makes them vulnerable to pressure and growth stunting; the winter dormancy period typically has diminished bleeding throughout pruning sessions. Try to avoid cutting the main branches unless they are especially damaged from winds or disease. Twisted lateral branches that stretch too much from the central leader have to be trimmed so that the stronger, main limbs have more energy to get leaf, flowering and fruiting procedures.

Cut Size

Since the mulberry tree still bleeds even during the period, your trimming cuts will need to be smaller than 2 inches. Cuts larger than 2 inches over the branches create lacerations that cannot heal because the bleeding keeps the wound open and fresh. Pathogens and insects input the mulberry tree freely and cause widespread harm and growth stunting. Should you restrict your trimming to damaged limbs close to the drip line, then your cuts are naturally smaller than 2 inches and the tree has a good chance at recovery quickly.

Prevent Pollarding

Reducing nearly all new growth every one or two years is called pollarding. Although this pruning process retains the mulberry at a manageable size, it effectively reduces the tree’s lifespan. New growth stipulates the developing area for fruits every year. Should you remove the new branches consistently, the tree has limited fruiting or none at all. Avoiding any pollarding process and limiting your pruning to only several branches throughout the dormant period preserves your mulberry tree’s lifespan and wellness.

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Tall Bushes for Privacy Above Fence

Tall bushes make excellent privacy displays above a fence. Bushes not just block the line of sight to your home or lawn, they are also able to dampen noise from traffic or neighbors. The best bushes for solitude are evergreens since they will have foliage year-round. Deciduous bushes don’t provide as much solitude as evergreens during winter, but they are more likely to have vibrant foliage or spring flowers than evergreens.


Boxwoods (Buxus sempervirens) are extremely popular shrubs because of their dense, yards. They are also quite simple to prune into pretty much any shape, making them perfect for hedging. Boxwoods grow nicely in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9 plus they prefer full sun. Common boxwoods can grow up to 20 feet tall, while Korean boxwoods and other varieties reach heights of anywhere between 2 and 9 feet.

English Laurel

English laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) is a fast-growing evergreen tree or shrub. It grows well in USDA plant hardiness zones 6 through 9 and takes decent soil drainage. Many gardeners like English laurel because of its fragrant white flowers in early summer and spring. It has narrow and long leaves, which can be occasionally glossy. This plant can grow up to 30 feet tall, though smaller varieties like the ‘zabeliana’ don’t grow taller than 6 feet.

Grandiflora Rose

Grandiflora roses (Rosa grandiflora) are large shrub roses with vibrant flower clusters. They grow best in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Based on the variety, they could reach heights of around ten feet, making them exceptional privacy screens. 1 drawback of roses as solitude bushes is they lose their leaves and also supply less solitude during winter.

American Holly

American holly (Ilex opaca) rises up to 50 feet tall as a tree, but gardeners may also prune it to a more compact privacy hedge. It grows best in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 to 9, but it can tolerate slightly warmer zones in temperate Mediterranean climates. Holly is a classic vacation plant with glossy leaves and red berries. It prefers full or partial sun and slightly acidic soils with adequate drainage. Holly bushes remain green year round and also have dense foliage, which makes a superb privacy screen.

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