A bumpy, uneven front yard looks bad and is unpleasant to walk or sit on. Methods for leveling a front yard have improved over the years; Based on This Old House, it was industry standard to pour soil, sand and compost onto old sod over the lower parts of a yard, using enough dirt to level it. However, today’s more efficient procedures make it possible for homeowners to save their sod and put it to use right out on the leveled yard.
Eliminate existing sod with a sod cutter. Roll the sod and shop out of the way so that you can replace it later. Rent a sod cutter from your hardware store or home and garden supply facility.
Till the yard to turn the soil. Use an erect hand tiller on wheels.
Mix topsoil with sand and compost in a ratio of 4 parts topsoil, 1 part compost and one part sand; compost aids plant growth and sand improves drainage.
Apply dirt mixture to the yard until the bottom aspect of the ground is even with the highest part. Fill holes and cover bumps on the highest part of the yard. Dump the dirt on the yard by means of a wheelbarrow, or for large regions, drive a truck filled with the soil mixture around the yard and apply with a scoop.
Even the dirt with a dirt rake. Make the surface level and smooth. Spray the area with with only enough water to moisten the soil.
Roll sod back in position over the new soil or spread new grass seed.