The Way To Clean Pergo Floors With Vinegar

The acidic nature of ordinary white vinegar gives it an extraordinary versatility for cleaning. Vinegar liquefied grease and hard water deposits while disinfecting, therefore it’s an effective ground cleaner. It works so long as the Pergo company recommends it for cleaning their laminate flooring solutions.

Pergo Cleaning Instructions

The cleaning instructions provided from the Pergo business call for a solution of 1 cup of vinegar per gallon of warm water. You should not simply wet-mop this solution on the ground, though. Water may cause extensive damage to Pergo flooring when it seeps in the gaps between boards and soaks into the center. Instead, wring your mop out before washing, or, for an even safer cleaning process, wipe the ground down with a well-wrung rag.

Work in Sections

To avoid water damage, it’s important to wash the ground immediately after wiping it with a vinegar solution. This is easier to do if you work in sections, washing and drying one section before continuing on to another. Drying the ground also prevents falling accidents.

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Which Houseplants Should Face North and South?

When you would like to add houseplants in your house, assessing the home’s light conditions is a wise place to start. Windows that face are the best locations for plants which grow well with just bright, indirect light because north-facing exposures get hardly any direct sunlight. South-facing exposures admit the best amount of direct sunlight, especially in winter, once the sun is low in the sky; so southern windows are ideal for plants that require a lot of direct light. If leafy crops’ natural light is not supplemented by artificial light from all directions, transfer the plants’ containers by one-quarter turn every two weeks so the plants will not have lopsided growth.

Foliage Varieties

Foliage houseplants with origins in shaded forest understories are suited to develop from the indirect light of north-facing windows. A good example is Boston fern (Nephrolepis exaltata “Bostoniensis”), among the most common indoor ferns. Boston fern is hardy at U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 and thrives with the added humidity provided when its bud’s bottom sets in addition to seams which line a tray full of water; do not enable the pot’s bottom to be moist. Coleus (Solenostemon scutellarioides, USDA zones 10 through 11) is an example of a leaf plant suitable for a southern window exposure because it needs sunlight for the best color development in its own leaves. Pick from its many cultivarsthat have distinct color combinations. When growing outdoors in the ground, coleus can become invasive in certain locations; develop it in a container to stop its spread.


A number of succulent plants grow well before south-facing windows, plus they include the vibrant echeverias (Echeveria spp., USDA zones 8 through 11). Many showy echeveria hybrids with red, pink, blue, purple or orange leaves can be found; they need direct sunlight exposure in winter to come up with the strongest colors. Echeverias require less sunlight in summer, and the hours of direct sunlight in a south window are fewer in summer because the sun is high in the skies. To get a north window, then try the succulent snake plant (Sansevieria spp.) , which grows well in indirect light. A number of species can be found as houseplants, all with leathery, stiff leaves. Dwarf snake plant (Sansevieria trifasciata “Hahnii,” USDA zones 9b through 11) includes a rosette of banded, green and light-green leaves which are about 6 inches tall. When growing outside in a landscape, oyster snake plant can be invasive in certain situations; put in edging around the plant or develop it in a container to keep it within boundaries outside.

Options with Showy Flowers

Some plants with showy flowers need north-facing windows while others need south-facing windows. In winter, African violets (Saintpaulia spp.) Do well in southern windows, where they get direct light. In summer, move them into an eastern exposure, nevertheless. African violets generally are hardy in only USDA zone 11, but the species Saintpaulia ionantha is hardy in USDA zones 11 through 12. A large collection of cultivars with purple, white, blue and pink flowers are readily available. To get a north-facing place, consider peace lily (Spathiphyllum spp., USDA zones 11 through 12). Native to tropical forests, it also performs best with bright filtered light but shouldn’t get whole sunlight. Grown mostly for its leaf, peace lily features white flowers which turn green after they have been open for 10 days, and the flowers can last more than 1 month.

Tall Varieties

Valued for their size and visual effect, tall houseplants have varying demands for light exposure, based on their species. Erect plants that function as vertical accents, dracaenas (Dracaena spp., USDA zones 10b via 11) tolerate indirect light from north-facing windows. Regarding 150 dracaena species exist, offering a selection of leaf colors, such as dark green often striped with gold, cream or red coloring. The plants hit 72 inches or taller. A plant which can be grown indoors as a little tree, weeping fig (Ficus benjamina, USDA zones 10 through 12) does double duty, tolerating indirect light from a north-facing window but also doing well in a south window’s direct light. When grown as a landscaping plant, weeping fig can reach 50 feet tall but typically rises 2 to 10 feet tall as a houseplant.

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Differences Between Apple & Pine Seedlings

Although apple (Malus spp.) and pine (Pinus spp.) Seedlings share the identical basic functional components, their structure and arrangement are different, as are the methods that the seeds are produced. The components that the seedlings have in common are a seed coat, a seed root referred to as a radicle, and a stem called a hypocotyl. Their seed leaves vary markedly in form and number. These differences reflect the reality that pines and apples aren’t closely related. All these are seed plants, but pine is a gymnosperm and apple is a flowering plant with two seed leaves, or a dicotyledonous angiosperm.

Seed Origins

The fundamental differences between pine and apple seedlings begin with the seeds that make the seedlings. Pine seeds develop in a bract of the female pine cone, and aren’t surrounded by a fruit. Apple seeds develop within the ovary of the apple flower, enclosed with a hexagonal wall that grows into a fruit. Many pines have small winged seeds designed for wind dispersal, but about 30 of the 110 species have heavy seeds built for animals to propagate. In apples, the fruit becomes eaten and the small, hard seeds pass unharmed through an animal’s digestive tract.

Within the Seed

Both pine and apple seeds have a plant embryo that develops to the seedling. Pines have an elongate embryo in the middle of the seed surrounded by a thick layer of nutritive substance. Apple seeds are largely taken up with 2 big seed leaves and also a thin layer of nutritive endosperm, which differs in origin from the nutritive layer of pine tree seeds. The embryonic tissues that become the the radicle take up relatively little room toward the base of the seed.

Seed Germination

Germination in both pines and apples starts with the emergence of the radicle, which anchors the developing seedling and harvests nutrients and water so it can grow. In pine seedlings, the radicle splits the seed coat since it emerges, with the mineral substance surrounding the embryo supplying the energy for development. In apple seeds, then the stored nutrients in the cotyledons fuel seedling growth until plants begin to make their own food through photosynthesis. Apples and pines both require a period of moist cold in order to germinate, and also both apples and pines are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8.

Seed Leaves

The amount of seed leaves in pine seedlings varies from 2 to many, depending on the species. Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), which grows in USDA zones 4 through 8, has anywhere from six to 12 cotyledons. The cotyledons are very long, narrow and stiff, reflecting the needle-like form of their true leaves to follow. They’re arranged in a whorl around the stem of the seedling. Apple’s seed leaves are oval and fleshy-looking, arranged opposite each other at the tip of the seedling stem.

Seedling Development

True leaves emerge as the seedlings grow. In pine seedlings, needle-like true leaves appear together with the growing shoot above the cotyledons. As the tree grows, it starts to create the leaves in bundles, called fascicles, which can consist of from one to eight needles, depending on the species. In apples, elongated oval true leaves with jagged edges emerge as the apical shoot grows from between the two cotyledons.

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Can Worms Eat Coffee Grounds?

Composting kitchen scraps with worms, although regular composting creates healthy food to your crops, however vermicomposting, enriches the compost even more. Castings that provide nutrients for your backyard are excreted by the worms. Worms prefer to eat coffee grounds, but provide them to keep their house in acidity levels that are appropriate.

Worms Like Coffee Grounds

Worms enjoy many of the very same foods you do, such as coffee grounds. They enjoy coffee grounds so much that Cornell University recommends lining a composting pile that is conventional to attract worms. The coffee grounds create a yummy addition to other kitchen scraps such as vegetable and fruit waste, leftover pasta or oatmeal. Worms need some gritty foods to help their gizzards with digestion, and that’s where java grounds actually shine in the vermicomposting bin.

The Downside

Adding a massive volume of coffee grounds adversely impacts the vermicomposting by making it acidic bin. Too much acid in the bed, or a low pH level, can burn off the worms’ skin. Use a pH test strip in the bedding. Worms live best in an environment with a pH of 6.0 to 8.0. If the pH is lower than 6.0, then add crushed eggshells into the bin to help neutralize the acid.

How Much Is Too Much

No exact rule exists about how often to include coffee grounds to your bin. It depends in part on the size of the bin, what foods you include and the number of worms reside in the bin. Generally, it should be safe to include coffee grounds when you place other food if you are adding some grains and fruit stir in the day’s coffee grounds. You may not feed your worms when it’s not time to feed the 27, so don’t add java grounds. In addition, don’t add mostly coffee grounds with a few other kitchen bits the java should make up a portion of the meal, not the majority. If you notice rather than creating a nice odor the bin smells somewhat like vinegar, you may be adding too many coffee grounds. The vinegar odor means that the bin is becoming too acidic.

Feeding Worms that the Filter

About trying to shake coffee grounds off the filters, do not be concerned — that the worms enjoy the filters. Vermicomposting bins use bedding such as shredded newspaper or cardboard. When kept moist, the bedding provides a secure house for worms to burrow through. The used coffee filter functions as additional bedding for the worms.

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Fertilizing African Violet Plantlets

African violet (Saintpaulia spp.) Produces plantlets from divided plants and leaf cuttings. Normally grown as houseplants, African violets are tropical perennial plants, and maybe grow outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 11 through 12. Flower colors range from white through pink and fuchsia into blue-violet, and plants grow 6 to 16 inches wide, depending on the range. African violet plantlets require only small quantities of fertilizer.

In the Soil

Specialized potting soil feeds fresh African violet plantlets. Small plantlets from African violet leaf cuttings and divided plants don’t require fertilizer. When transplanting plantlets into new pots, use a specialized African violet potting soil, which prevents over-fertilization. African violet potting soil is slightly acidic and contains enough nutrients to feed the plantlets while they build their root systems. Fill 2- or 2 1/2-inch pots using 0.21-0.11-0.16 potting soil, and plant the African violets in order that their lowest leaves have been just above the ground. Water the pots and then let them drain thoroughly. Always use pots with drainage holes.

Little by Little

Applying just a small fertilizer when African violet increase slows down supplies all their requirements. Over-fertilized African violet plantlets grow poorly. New leaves on over-fertilized plants look hardened, as well as the plants develop tight centers. To prevent over-fertilizing plantlets, wait till their growth goes down and look for signs of yellowing old leaves, but be careful — plantlets that get too much lighting can develop the same symptoms. If you are unsure whether your African violet plantlets require fluid, fertilize one or two. If the leaf colour and increase improves, fertilize another plantlets. African violets need bright, indirect lighting, like a place about 3 feet from a southeast- or west-facing window.

Feeding Time

Watering and fertilizing African violet plantlets usually occurs at the same time. African violets are susceptible to crown and root diseases caused by excessively moist potting soil, so don’t water the plantlets until the ground is dry to the touch. Dilute a 7-7-7 African violet fertilizer at a rate of 7 to 10 drops per 1 quart of lukewarm water, and apply the mixture to water the plantlets, or apply the fertilizer based on the manufacturer’s directions. Either stand the pots in 1 inch of fluid mixture and lift them out when the soil surface is moist, or pour the mixture into the pot until it looks through the drainage holes. Don’t receive any of this solution on the leaves. Catch the watered pots to drain thoroughly before replacing them on their own drip trays. African violets usually stop growing in winter. Water the plantlets in order that the potting soil surface is just moist, and don’t apply fertilizer.

Care Package

African violet plantlets prosper when conditions are correct. Nighttime temperatures between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal for African violets, but plantlets grow anywhere in the assortment of 60 to 80 F. Growth slows down and flowering is reduced when temperatures are too high or too low. Chilled African violets turn dark, become water-soaked and wither. Put the pots in their drip strips to a flat container of sand or gravel full of water to give a humid atmosphere around the plants. Don’t allow plants to stand in water, and don’t drip water on their leaves because this causes unsightly spots.

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How to Troubleshoot a Carrier Air Conditioner Unit

Even though Carrier prides itself on reliability and offers a guarantee with its own air conditioners, you may encounter problems which prevent the device from working. You can save time by cleaning filters or doing some troubleshooting steps, such as resolving power difficulties. But it’s important to be able to identify issues that require a service call that is professional, such as the indoor unit fan emitting air or the machine struggling to maintain, so your device is repaired before damage occurs.

Power Up

If your Carrier air conditioning unit will not turn on, there is an issue with its power source. Check the cooling or condensing unit to find out whether it’s running. Be sure that the main power switch for the outside unit is in the”on” position; the switch generally is a couple of feet from the device within a box mounted to your home’s exterior. If the switch is in the”on” position but the outside unit isn’t operating, check your home’s circuit breaker or fuse box. Reset the circuit or replace a blown fuse.

Filter Out

Whether its filter is dirty your Carrier air conditioning unit will fail to operate. Buildup on the filters cubes airflow and causes the air conditioner to shut down. Analyze the filter to find out whether there is excess buildup that might be preventing it. They should be changed once a month, if you use filters. With 2-inch or other high-capacity pleated filters, you generally can change them every month unless you detect they fill up quickly due to bad air conditions; eplace them yearly if needed.

Clear the Air

Whether its return-air grilles are blocked your air conditioner could neglect to cool your home. The grilles are generally located on the wall or ceiling in a home that is new and big. If your home is old, your return-air grilles may be on the floor. Make sure the grilles aren’t blocked by furniture, vases, picture frames. Dust the grilles so debris doesn’t accumulate the openings along and limit the airflow.

Out of Service

If you have assessed your Carrier air conditioning device’s electricity, filters and return-air grilles and it is not cooling your home correctly, call a Carrier service technician for assistance. For instance, the indoor humidity levels of your home look very high or if itself continually turns off and on, arrange a service call. If you’re able to hear your indoor unit fan turning on but the air that it emits isn’t trendy, you should call your Carrier service provider, or the fan frequently turns on and off.

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The Location of the Head Gasket to a Briggs and Stratton 16.5 OHV Engine

A head gasket forms a seal between the engine block and the cylinder head. The cylinder head is your part of the cylinder, when bolted in position and an enclosed combustion chamber is formed by it. The head gasket ensures cylinder compression and prevents lubricants.

Find the Head Assembly

Cooling fins which encircle the head structure may identify A Briggs & Stratton overhead valve engine head. These fins might be partially blocked from view by a metal cap stamped with”OHV.” Trace the spark plug wire to the spark plugwhich threads into a port milled to the cylinder head. The head gasket is mounted just.

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Fast-Growing Evergreen Bushes for Landscaping

Confront an embarrassment of riches when they visit the nursery. Soft winters imply that conifers are not the shrubs to maintain their leaves all year. Broadleaf evergreens have several advantages: they form year-round screens can blossom during an assortment of seasons, maintain moisture, withstand heat and enhance landscape fire resistance. There are appropriate for poolside the seaside and urban heat island.


Conifers are, but some grow to fill an area in a few seasons. The salt-tolerant”Bar Harbor” creeping juniper (Juniperus horizontalis”Bar Harbor”) turns a plum color in winter. Hollywood juniper (J. chinensis”Torulosa”) grows 15 feet tall and 10 feet wide in a twisting shape reminiscent of expressionist paintings and Spartan juniper (J. chinensis”Spartan”), a thinner, straighter bush, makes a display when massed and sheered.


Shrubs trained as hedges need pruning or sheering to maintain a streamlined form. Wax myrtle (Morella cerifera), also called Southern bayberry, makes a handsome 6- to 10-foot hedge with sheering, but can grow to 20 feet if failed. Waxleaf privet (Ligustrum japonicum”Texanum”) blossoms in late spring; it grows to ten feet and is frequently chosen as a topiary shrub because of its dense branching growth. Pinch and prune African boxwood (Myrsine africana) to form a 4-foot hedge. Untended, it can grow quickly to 8 feet with a spread up to 6 feet. Texas sage (Leucophyllum candidum”Thunder Cloud”) grows 3 to 4 feet tall to make a little hedge; it is heat and drought tolerant but necessitates full-sun exposure.

Flowering Shrubs

Broadleaf evergreens may have long seasons of bloom. The Mexican orange blossom (Choisya ternata) develops rapidly to 9 feet tall with an equal spread; it bears white flowers from spring through early fall. California privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium) is an aggressive, rapid grower that bears heavily scented white flowers and creates a thick hedge up to 15 feet tall. Bush morning glory (Convolvulus cneorum) grows just 2 to 4 feet tall and blooms from May to December.

Seaside Evergreens

Seaside plants must tolerate salt spray and salt in the soil. Coast rosemary (Westringia fruticosa) grows 3 to 6 feet tall with foliage resembling its own herb garden namesake. Sun promotes growth and the flowers that are intermittently throughout the year in white or purple. Hollyleaf cherry (Prunus ilicifolia ssp. Ilicifolia) grows from 10 to 20 feet tall and creates an attractive windscreen.

Fire Resistant Bushes

Plants with thick foliage such as Texas privet withstand fires and the heat of wildfires compared to other plants. Italian buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus) grows 12 to 20 feet tall with shiny oval leaves. Maritime ceanothus (Ceanothus maritimus) is a small shrub, 1 to 3 feet tall, that rapidly spreads to 6 feet wide. Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus”Peter Pan”) is a dwarf shrub which also stands 1 to 3 feet tall but spreads just two feet wide.

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The Best Way to Size Radiators for Rooms

Radiators are one way of heating a room that has heater, central heating or no fireplace. But they need to be sized correctly for the effective energy usage. When a radiator is little, it cannot keep a room’s occupants warm. When it is big, it can cycle on and off more often, using up energy.

Assess the length, height and width of the room in feet. Multiply all 3 values to determine the footage of the space. For instance, if you’ve got a room that measures 12 feet by 10 feet wide by 7 feet high, multiplying 12 by 10 by 7 generates 840 feet.

Multiply the result by 5 to get a radiator in dining and living rooms, 4 bedrooms for bedrooms, or 3 to kitchens and other regions of the home. For instance, multiplying the 840 feet from the bedroom by 3 produces 2,520.

If the room faces north, add 15 percent to the result. When it has doors, add 20 percent and if it has windows, then subtract 10 percent. For instance, since the bedroom to your radiator faces north, you add 15 percent to 2,520 to produce 2,898, that’s the number of BTUs or British Thermal Units your radiator must produce per hour to adequately heat the room.

Because most radiators’ specs list their heating capacity convert your BTU calculation to watts. Because BTUs are units of heat, the conversion is not exact and watts are units of electricity.

Divide the number of BTUs by 3.41. For instance, if you divide 2,898 BTUs by 3.41, the result is roughly 850 watts. You want an radiator to produce the 2,898 BTUs per hour desired by the foot room used in the instance.

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How To Separate a Room

San Francisco’s rich architectural history has filled the city with buildings — a few of which have floor plans which don’t match modern residents’ expectations. If your new apartment used to be a part of a house, you might want to divide an mystery room. Easy partitions can be convenient for privacy if you’re sharing a one-bedroom using a roommate or two.


In the old tradition of roommates the easiest way is probably to hang a curtain in place of a wall. Though it doesn’t provide much barrier that is sound, curtains are relatively cheap, easy to install and easy to remove again when you move out. They are also more versatile than sturdier choices: shut them for privacy, or pull them out of the way to start the space for roommate or business hangout time. A folding screen that is tall works.


To imitate the solidity of a wall, divide a room with bookcases. To provide shelving on each side of the partition, then put two bookcases side and confront one in each direction. Hang tapestries or wallpaper on the backs to hide the wood. If each side of the room has its own entry, install the bookcases across the width of the space to make a wall that is complete. Leave 3 or 4 feet open on one side if you need a door through the partition and cover the gap using a folding or curtain screen.

Closet Doors

If you have the property or your landlord gives you permission, install folding or sliding closet doors to get a more permanent solution. Because closets arrive in all dimensions, it is possible to find closet doors narrow enough to fill in a vacant door or wide enough to partition an entire room. Runners on ceiling and the floor add sliding wooden or mirrored panels to divide the space. If you’d like the option of opening the doors to restore the room utilize doors.

Open Floor Plan

Old apartments feature spaces which were small areas at a large residence, hallways or closets. They might have a kitchen at the rear of the dining room. Utilize the arrangement of the scheme and the furniture without shutting them off to divide spaces. Paint the walls in each space distinct colours; carpeting the den area and tile the kitchen area; put a sofa so that it faces the area and backs onto the dining room. Experiment until you find.

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